Laboratory of Geohazard Management and Spectral Spatial Analysis

Ongoing and pending research (including grants executed with the use of equipment available at the ECOTECH-COMPLEX Centre):

1. NCN (National Centre for Science) Sonata research project "The use of hyperspectral imaging in the parametrisation of the growing season, in the context of soil cover characteristics"  (coordinator: Piotr Bartmiński, PhD, researchers: Marcin Siłuch, PhD, Piotr Demczuk, PhD)
2. NCN Opus research project "Colonisation of the peripheral regions of loess uplands by early agricultural communities (late 6th to late 5th millennium BC), on the example of the northern foreland of Wyżyna Sandomierska" (coordinator: Marcin Szeliga, PhD, researchers:
  Piotr Bartmiński, PhD, Piotr Demczuk, PhD, Marcin Siłuch, PhD)
3. Commission from Maria Curie Skłodowska University in Lublin and the State Museum at Majdanek for the performance of research on the grounds of a branch of the State Museum at Majdanek: the Museum of the Former Death Camp in Sobibór
Cyclical workshops "LARSS
Low Altitude Remote Sensing Seminar", 1st edition - Oct. 2016, 2nd edition - June 2017 (in cooperation with IUNG-PIB in Puławy)

Laboratory equipment:

1. Aerial hyperspectral imaging camera
Headwall Nano:
measuring range: visible radiation and near infra-red (400-1000nm)
spectral resolution: 270 channels
spatial resolution: 640 channels
data logging frequency: 300 Hz

2. Digital aerial imaging camera
Digital camera: resolution 36Mpx

3. Portable Spectroradiometer
Spectral Evolution RS-3500
measuring range: 350 - 2500 nm
spectral resolution: 8-3 nm
minimum scan time: 100 ms

4. Software for processing LIDAR data
Terra Scan, Terra Modeller, Terra Photo

5. Advanced modelling software
GeoStudio v. with a commercial use license

6. GIS software
ArcMap v. 10.3 with a commercial use license

7. System for geotechnical analyses of surface formations
VJTech triaxial pressure system
- three load frames (50kN) for testing the physical qualities of non-consolidated soil

8. Laboratory and field system for measuring hydraulic conductivity
KSAT UMS Benchtop Conductivity Meter
Measuring range: 10000
0.1 cm/d
Aardvark portable conductivity meter
Measurements up to the depth of 3 m

9. Instrument for determining pF characteristics - Hyprop UMS
Measuring range: +100 kPa ... 85 kPa
Resolution: ±0,5 kPa
Accuracy: 1.5 hPa (0 hPa ... 800 hPa)

10. Ground penetrating radar
- IDS GeoRadar Ris One  + aerials:
TR25/40 (bistatic, unshielded aerial - frequency 25 MHz),
TR 900 (monostatic, shielded aerial - frequency 900 MHz)

11. Spatial data acquisition system (scanning tacheometer with GNSS)
Leica MS-60 scanning tacheometer, angular accuracy 1’’
Leica GS14 GNSS receiver, RTK measurements (accuracy <2cm) with SmartNet corrections

Possible analyses (examples of applications in cooperation with external, particularly industrial entities):

1. Aerial hyperspectral imaging camera
The Headwall Nano camera is mounted on an Aibot X6 drone to allow aerial (low altitude) hyperspectral imaging
- analyses of soil mineral content, plant life condition (e.g. crops or forest health), determining pollution levels and selected physical and chemical qualities of the soil, floral composition of particular plant communities, moisture distribution in the soil, soil susceptibility to erosion (indirectly), nutritional needs of plants, detection of materials with specific spectral characteristics

2. Digital aerial imaging camera
Digital, full-frame, reflex camera providing 36Mpx rbg images
- generating digital elevation models, generating point clouds (x, y, z), generating 3D models of buildings and other structures, modelling and monitoring industrial buildings, modelling projected buildings against the landscape, calculating the volume of ground formations and cubic capacity of depressions (e.g. excavation pits)

3. Portable spectroradiometer
Spectroradiometer Spectral Evolution RS-3500
- Spectrum measurements with a contact or near-contact (1 m) probe, identification of minerals and other compounds (based on libraries), accurate and repeatable colour determination of e.g. fruit, vegetables or any minerals, possibility of assessing plant health (measurements of the leaf spectrum), evaluation of the chemical properties of soils and other materials, determining the radiance of selected materials, albedo measurements, possibility of detecting selected mineral compounds on material surfaces (soil, plants, rocks)

4. Software for processing LIDAR data
Oberlay software: LP360, Terra Scan, Terra Modeller, Terra Photo
- comprehensive data processing (point cloud), classification and verification of points, generation of digital elevation models (accuracy depends on input data), modelling spatial objects (e.g. buildings or natural formations - escarpments, slopes, hills, embankments), determining the cubic capacity of buildings and volume of ground formations

5. Advanced modelling software
Advanced data modelling software: GeoStudio v. with a commercial use license
- Calculating stability coefficients, modelling changes in pore pressure, modelling the dynamics of ground water levels, impact of ground load and extent of terrain deformations, estimating the extent of terrain deformation after an earthquake, the impact of vibration on mass movements, analysing the extent of
  permafrost degradation, ground temperature fluctuations due to weather changes and hydrogeological conditions, measuring frost penetration depth, modelling the scales of pollution and the spread of this type of threats in the ground, monitoring soil aeration, determining evapotranspiration in a given area, the impact of weather conditions on the distribution of pore pressure

6. GIS software
Advanced software for a wide range of spatial analysis applications - ArcMap v. 10.3 with a commercial use license
- calculating the cubic capacity of planned water reservoirs, determining the volume of slag heaps and debris heaps, determining the communicational accessibility of selected spatial objects, modelling environmental changes (floodlands, mass movements, erosion)

7. System for geotechnical analyses of surface formations
Triaxial pressure system, type, model, triple entry
- Determining the strength parameters of sediments (angle of repose and cohesion), total and effective parameters (with pore pressure measurement), determining the water conductivity of low-conductivity sediments (below 1*10-5 m/s)

8. Field and laboratory system for measuring hydraulic conductivity, Aardvark portable conductivity meter
UMS KSAT benchtop conductivity meter
- Fast and repeatable measurements of soil (ground) conductivity. Field equipment provides instantaneous results. Automated laboratory measurements.

9. Instrument for measuring pF characteristics
Hyprop UMS
- Instrument for fast, automated determination of the pF curve for a given sample. The curve is calculated for a time period of up to 72 hours, in the range of up to 3.4, the remaining characteristics are generated automatically based on the model.

10. Ground penetrating radar
Georadar IDS RisOne
- non-invasive analyses of geological structures and inventories of underground infrastructure up to the depth of 1.5 m (900 MHz aerial) and between ten and twenty meters (25 MHz). The 900 MHz aerial is capable of registering objects of less than 1 cm in diameter, which facilitates the detection of underground objects without the need for excavation; identification of ground discontinuities

11. Spatial data acquisition system (scanning tacheometer with GNSS)
Leica MS-60 scanning tacheometer, GNSS Leica receiver
- geodetic measurements, determination (verification) of surface quality (roads, floors, walls)