Changes in the frequency and temperature of air masses over east‐central Europe

We are pleased to announce a new publication of Dr. Krzysztof Bartoszek together with Prof. dr. hab. Bogusław M. Kaszewski, published in the latest issue of International Journal of Climatology:

Bartoszek K.Kaszewski B.M., 2022: Changes in the frequency and temperature of air masses over east‐central Europe. International Journal of Climatology,

The study specifies the circulation conditions, the frequency of occurrence, long-term changes and thermal characteristics of air masses over East-Central Europe in the years 1951–2020. The division of air masses utilized by The Polish Institute of Meteorology and Water Management was used, where, based on the geographical location of the source areas, Arctic (A), Polar maritime fresh (mPf), Polar maritime old (transformed) (mPo), Polar maritime warm (mPw), Polar continental (cP), and Tropical (T) air masses are distinguished. It has been shown that western circulation dominates in this area (60% of days on average), during which the advection of maritime air masses occurs. The share of Arctic air mass flowing from the north (about 12% of days a year) and Tropical air mass from the southern sector (4% of days) is clearly smaller. The results of the research have shown that the frequency of the majority of the analysed air masses was subject to short-term changes in the studied period. On the other hand, long-term changes in this frequency concerned two air masses flowing from lower latitudes (mPw and T). In the case of mPw, in the period 1951–2020 there was a significant increase in frequency, not only on a yearly basis, but also in all seasons. In the last two decades, the frequency of Tropical air mass has also increased significantly, while the increase took place only in the summer period. Therefore, the increase in air temperature recorded in East-Central Europe since the 1990s, mainly in the warm half of the year, should to a large extent be attributed to both the greater frequency of the inflow of air masses from lower latitudes (mPw and T) and the increase in temperature in virtually all separated air masses, which in turn is a result of progressing global warming.

Publication list of Institute staff 


    Date of addition
    23 June 2022