The European Sand Belt and correlation of Late Glacial environmental change with the Greenland ice core record

It is with great pleasure we present the latest publication of a broad team of specialists in palaeogeography of the Late Glacial of the Polish part of the European Sand Belt published in Radiocarbon. Among the authors there are two members of our Institute:

Sokołowski R.J., Moska P., Zieliński P., Jary Z., Piotrowska N., Raczyk J., Mroczek P., Szymak A., Krawczyk M., Skurzyński J., Poręba G., Łopuch M., & Tudyka K., 2022. Reinterpretation of fluvial-aeolian sediments from last glacial termination classic type localities using high-resolution radiocarbon data from the Polish part of the European sand belt. Radiocarbon, 1–16.

This paper presents 66 radiocarbon (14C) dates obtained at 33 key sites from the Polish part of the European Sand Belt. These calibrated dating results were compared to 34 high-resolution 14C dates obtained from a fluvial-aeolian sediments to identify pedogenic phases from the late Pleniglacial interval to the early Holocene. These identified pedogenic phases were correlated with Greenland ice-core records, revealing high sensitivity of the fluvio-aeolian paleoenvironment to climate changes. Two pedogenic phases were identified from the late Pleniglacial interval (Greenland Stadial GS-2.1b and GS-2.1a), three from the Bølling-Allerød interstadial (Greenland Stadial GI-1), one from the late Allerød–Younger Dryas boundary, and at least one from the Younger Dryas. The ages of these pedogenic phases reveal a distinct delay of 50–100 calendar years after the onset of cool climate conditions during GI-1, reflecting gradual withdrawal of vegetation. Soil horizons from the early Holocene do not show any clear relation with climate change, where breaks in soil formation were caused by local factors such as human activity.

Publication list of Institute staff


    Date of addition
    20 June 2022